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Ivy House School

Working together to;
Inspire, Nurture, Empower

Personal Social & Emotional Development (PSED)

We provide the foundations for developing independence, self-esteem, social and community skills.

The ability to exert one’s independence is a basic human right, so it must be placed centrally within the curriculum. Independence can only be developed when the person has developed an understanding of themselves as a person who can perceive the world around them, develop their thinking about what they perceive and begin to communicate about their desires and choices. Independence is not the ability to conform but rather the ability to take control over the experiences that go on around them. This is vital for our pupils where they are likely to have limitations on their ability to be functionally independent in many areas. Pupils liable to be involved in activities that take a substantial amount of time, are about the most personal areas of self-care and are usually associated with the needs of children of an early age. Our curriculum makes time for these activities to take place, but is designed to ensure that the pupil can develop the maximum amount of independence in these areas as possible. This may be physical independence skills but may also be the ability to communicate about these activities, to accept or decline, to request or to terminate.


The basic activities of self-care are also the ones that are likely to have the greatest impact on the family in terms of time and location. The more independent a pupil can become the more life possibilities and opportunities are available for them and their families. Our curriculum must focus on those activities, valuing them and giving them time to be achieved: Eating & Drinking, Dressing, Personal Care, Personal Presentation& Hair and Washing & Bathing.



  • To become aware of events and actions that relate to personal care.
  • To develop awareness to anticipate events
  • To tolerate activities and routines.
  • To co-operate with activities and routines.
  • To begin to use mobility to perform some skills independently.
  • To develop skills of independence
  • To develop personal care skills
  • To develop self-confidence and awareness
  • To explore and manage feelings
  • To explore and manage behaviour encourage students to accept responsibility for their behaviour,
  • To develop and understanding of social rules
  • To develop appropriate relationships with others
  • To enable students to develop their self-knowledge, self-esteem and self-confidence;
  • To enable students to distinguish right from wrong and to respect the law of England
  • To encourage respect for other people.

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